In recent years concussions and the associated long-term effects have become a hot topic in sports medicine. Controversy still exists among experts in the medical community on how these injuries can be best treated, managed and prevented but the prevailing research at this time supports a multi-systematic approach, tracking physical symptoms and symptom management, vestibular disruptions, cognitive impairments, and emotional effects, and monitoring appropriate mental and physical stresses for best return to play decision making and preparation.
Signs and symptoms
|Headache||Difficulty with short term or long term memory||Irritability|
|Difficulty with balance||Slowed “processing” (for instance, a decreased ability to think through problems)||Anxiety|
|Fatique||Difficulty with concentration||Mood swings|
|Difficulty with sleeping||Aggression|
|Double or blurred vision||Decreased tolerance to stress|